Novel Viruses In The Oceans
In the world of fastest growing technologies, and inventions, there has been a discovery of forty-four novel viruses in the oceans. This discovery was made by an association of scientists from several research centers and international universities led by Manuel Martínez García, from the University of Alicante Research Group in Molecular Microbian Ecology.
The amazing discovery has been achieved with the age old technologies like flow cytometry (technology that is used to analyze the physical and chemical characteristics of particles in a fluid as it passes through at least one laser, Cell components are fluorescently labeled and then excited by the laser to emit light at varying wavelengths.), molecular biology, and techniques of genomics.
This discovery is expected to impart a lot of genomic information which has not been known. So that we may be able to understand about the new viruses.
“With this technology, we open the door to deciphering the terrestrial viriosphere,” according to Òscar Fornas, one of the researchers involved and Head of the Flow Cytometry Unit at Pompeu Fabra University and Centre for Genomic Regulation in Barcelona. “Not only does it serve to discover new viruses or see the ecology of large groups of viruses in the samples studied but also sets the basis for studying the different viruses present in a particular ecosystem. In this regard, the human body is a particular ecosystem and this is where much of the future of this project or possible emergent projects lies.”
Thus, this in future will help the scientists to study a number of newly, or previously discovered microorganisms. This can be applied to human body also, as the human body is itself an entire ecosystem.
Martínez García stated that “The process happens to break the capsid and then copies of the genome are made using molecular biology techniques After that, we can sequence DNA and with that, we access genetic information” to know ‘who is’.
This Information can prove to play a vital role in understanding the genomes closely, and can also pave our path for a better understanding of the evolutionary process.